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Rio de Janeiro

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Geo Position -22.90277778, -43.2075
Population 6023699
Time Zone UTC/GMT -2.00
DST (Summer Time): -3.00
AltitudeSetup Travel112 ~ 19 m
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Travel Guide
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Rio de Janeiro

Local Time: Setup Travel112Helptext

News and Warnings

Safety: Brazil

Publisher: U.S. Department of StateSetup Travel112Helptext
Last Update: 2010-01-12
Safety and Security
Political and labor strikes and demonstrations occur sporadically in urban areas and may cause temporary disruption to public transportation.  Naturally, protests anywhere in the world have the potential to become violent.  In addition, criminal organizations in Sao Paulo occasionally stage campaigns against public institutions.

While it is unlikely that U.S. citizens would be targeted during such events, U.S. citizens traveling or residing in Brazil are advised to take common-sense precautions and avoid any large gatherings or any other event where crowds have congregated to demonstrate or protest.  Individuals with ties to criminal entities operate along the tri-border area of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.  These organizations are involved in the trafficking of illicit goods; some individuals in the area are financially supporting designated foreign terrorist organizations.  U.S. citizens crossing into Paraguay or Argentina may wish to consult the Country Specific Information for those countries.

Colombian terrorist groups have been known to operate in the border areas of neighboring countries.  Although there have been reports of isolated small-scale armed incursions from Colombia into Brazil in the past, we know of no specific threat directed against U.S. citizens across the border in Brazil at this time. 

Colombian groups have perpetrated kidnappings of residents and tourists in border areas of Colombia's neighbors.  Therefore, U.S. citizens traveling or residing in areas of Brazil near the Colombian border are urged to exercise caution.  U.S. citizens are urged to take care when visiting remote parts of the Amazon basin and respect local laws and customs.  U.S. visitors should ensure that their outfitter/guide is experienced in the Amazon. 

Brazil’s beaches can pose a threat to the safety of U.S. citizen travelers.  Very strong and dangerous riptides are encountered in many beaches, including those in Rio and Fortaleza.  Additionally, there is a higher-than-average probability of shark attacks in the waters of many of the beaches in northeastern Brazil, including those in Recife, Natal, and Maceio.  Visitors are advised to heed signs posted on any beach they visit in Brazil.

In November 2009, an electrical blackout affected roughly one third of the country for a period of hours, including major population centers in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo states.  Additional blackouts in the large cities have struck areas with high concentrations of hotels and resident U.S. citizens.  There were no incidents reported involving U.S. citizens in the recent blackouts, and local authorities responded quickly to increase police presence and maintain public security.  In addition,most tourist hotels are equipped with generators, thereby minimizing the impact of a blackout on visitors.  Nonetheless, U.S. citizens are advised to use caution in the event of a blackout during their visit to Brazil, and residents are advised to keep flashlights and sufficient supplies of food and potable water in their homes to prepare for possible future occurrences.

Over the New Year holiday several residents in Angra dos Reis and Rio de Janeiro died as a result of mudslides and flooding.  Flooding and mudslides can occur throughout the country.  Travelers are cautioned to monitor news and weather reports and adhere to municipal advisories before traveling to areas prone to flooding or landslides.  These usually occur outside major tourist areas but can happen anywhere.

The U.S. Embassy restricts travel of U.S. government employees where narcotics traffickers and other criminals have recently resorted to violent actions, usually directed against local security forces, local government authorities, and some civilians. 

These areas include all favelas in Recife, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and any area within 150 km of the borders with Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Paraguay, and, between 18:00 and 0:600, the “satellite cities” of Ceilandia, Santa Maria, Sao Sebastiao and Paranoa in Brasilia.  This does not include commonly used transit routes that often pass near or through favelas. 

In addition, due to serious incidents in the past few years (including the downing of a police helicopter that resulted in fatalities), the U.S. Mission to Brazil has restricted helicopter travel within the city limits of Rio de Janeiro.

These restrictions are under continuous review, and travelers may contact the nearest U.S. Embassy or U.S. Consulate for updated information.

For the latest security information, U.S. citizens traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs’ website, which contains the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts as well as the Worldwide Caution.

Up-to-date information on safety and security can also be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll-free within the U.S. and Canada, or by calling a regular toll line, 1-202-501-4444, from other countries.  These numbers are available from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).

The Department of State urges American citizens to take responsibility for their own personal security while traveling overseas.  For general information about appropriate measures travelers can take to protect themselves in an overseas environment, see the Department of State’s extensive tips and advice on traveling safely abroad.

Crime throughout Brazil has reached very high levels.  The Brazilian police and the Brazilian press report that the rate of crime continues to rise, especially in the major urban centers – though it is also spreading in rural areas.  Brazil’s murder rate is more than four times higher than that of the U.S.  Rates for other crimes are similarly high.  The majority of crimes are not solved.  There were rapes reported by American citizens in 2008.

Street crime remains a problem for visitors and local residents alike, especially in the evenings and late at night. Foreign tourists are often targets of crime and Americans are not exempt.  This targeting occurs in all tourist areas but is especially problematic in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife.  Travelers are advised to keep a copy of their passport on them when in public and, where possible, to keep their passport in a hotel safe or other secure place.  Besides a copy of their passport, U.S. citizen travelers are advised to carry proof of whatever health insurance they may have.

Caution is advised with regard to nighttime travel through more rural areas and satellite cities due to reported incidents of roadside robberies that randomly target passing vehicles.  Robbery and “quicknapping” outside of banks and ATM machines are common.  In a “quicknapping,” criminals abduct victims for a short time in order to receive a quick payoff from the family, business or the victim’s ATM card.  Some victims have been beaten and/or raped.  Carjacking is on the increase in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Recife and other cities.

The incidence of crime against tourists is greater in areas surrounding beaches, hotels, discotheques, bars, nightclubs, and other similar establishments that cater to visitors.  This type of crime is especially prevalent prior to and during Carnaval (Brazilian Mardi Gras), but takes place throughout the year.  While the risk is greater at dusk and during the evening hours, street crime can occur both day and night, and even safer areas of cities are not immune.  Incidents of theft on city buses are frequent.  Several Brazilian cities have established specialized tourist police units to patrol areas frequented by tourists.  In Rio de Janeiro, crime continues to plague the major tourist areas (see separate section on Rio de Janeiro).

At airports, hotel lobbies, bus stations and other public places, incidents of pick pocketing, theft of hand carried luggage, and laptop computers are common.

Travelers should "dress down" when outside and avoid carrying valuables or wearing jewelry or expensive watches.  "Good Samaritan" scams are common.  If a tourist looks lost or seems to be having trouble communicating, a seemingly innocent bystander offering help may victimize them.  Care should be taken at and around banks and internationally connected automatic teller machines that take U.S. credit or debit cards. 

Very poor neighborhoods known as "favelas" are found throughout Brazil.  The conditions in favelas vary widely, but these areas are often sites of uncontrolled criminal activity and are often not patrolled by police.  U.S. citizens are advised to avoid these unsafe areas. 
Travelers using personal ATMs or credit cards sometimes receive billing statements with non-authorized charges after returning from a visit to Brazil.  The Embassy and Consulates have received numerous reports from both official Americans and tourists who have had their cards cloned or duplicated without their knowledge.  Those using such payment methods should carefully monitor their banking online for the duration of their visit.

While the ability of Brazilian police to help recover stolen property is limited, it is nevertheless strongly advised to obtain a "boletim de ocorrencia" (police report) at a "delegacia" (police station) whenever any possessions are lost or stolen.  This will facilitate the traveler's exit from Brazil and insurance claims.  Be aware, however, that the police in tourist areas are on the lookout for false reports of theft for purposes of insurance fraud.  In 2009, there were several prominent cases of this involving foreigners in Rio.

In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available.  Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law.  In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.  More information on this serious problem is available at the website of the Computer Crime & Intellectual Property Section of the U.S. Department of Justice.

BRASILIA: Once spared the crime rates of other Brazilian cities, Brasilia now has significant crime problems.  Following the citywide trend of previous years, reports of residential burglaries continue to occur in the generally affluent residential sections of the city.  Public transportation, hotel sectors and tourist areas are still the locations with the highest crime rates, though statistics show that incidents can happen anywhere and at anytime.  The “satellite cities” which surround Brasilia have per-capita rates comparable to much larger cities such as Sao Paulo or Rio de Janeiro.  Police reports indicate that all types of crime, including “quicknappings,” have risen dramatically in Brasilia in the last two years.

RIO DE JANEIRO: The city continues to experience a high incidence of crime.  Tourists are particularly vulnerable to street thefts and robberies in areas adjacent to major tourist attractions and on the main beaches in the city.  In 2008 there were attacks along trails leading to the famous Corcovado Mountain, on the road linking the airport and the South Zone and on the beaches of Copacabana.   Travelers are advised not to take possessions of value to the beach.

Robbers and rapists sometimes slip incapacitating drugs into their drinks at bars, hotel rooms, or street parties.  While crime occurs throughout the year, it is more frequent during Carnaval and the weeks prior.  In the weeks before Carnaval 2009, robbers ransacked two tourist hostels.  Travelers should be aware of their surroundings and victims are advised to relinquish personal belongings rather than resist or fight back.  Tourists should choose lodging carefully, considering security and availability of a safe to store valuables, as well as location.  Over the past year, attacks against motorists increased.  In Rio de Janeiro City, motorists are allowed to treat stoplights as stop signs between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. to protect against holdups at intersections.  Travelers should follow police instructions in the event of road closures, and report all incidents to Rio’s tourist police (DEAT) at (21) 2332 2924.  The tourist police have been very responsive to victims and cooperative with the U.S. Consulate.  Rio’s favelas are a subject of curiosity for many U.S. citizen visitors.  However, most favelas exist outside the control of city officials and the police.  U.S. citizens are advised to avoid Rio’s favelas, even those favelas that have been recently “pacified” by the state government.  Several local companies offer “favela jeep tours” targeted at foreign tourists.  U.S. citizens are cautioned that neither the tour company nor the city police can guarantee their safety when entering favelas.

SAO PAULO: All areas of Sao Paulo have a high rate of armed robbery of pedestrians and vehicle drivers at stoplights.  There is a particularly high incidence of robberies and pick pocketing in the Praca da Se section of Sao Paulo and in the eastern part of the city.  As is true of "red light districts" in other cities, the areas of Sao Paulo on Rua Augusta north of Avenida Paulista and the Estacao de Luz metro area are especially dangerous.  There are regular reports of young women slipping knockout drops in men's drinks and robbing them of all their belongings while they are unconscious.  Armed holdups of pedestrians and motorists by young men on motorcycles (“motoboys”) are an increasingly common occurrence in Sao Paulo.  Victims who resist run the risk of violent retaliation. Laptop computers are a robber’s first choice in Sao Paulo. Recent efforts of incarcerated drug lords to exert their power outside of their jail cells have resulted in sporadic disruptions in the city, violence directed at the authorities, bus burnings and vandalism at ATM machines.  These occurrences have not resulted in any injuries to U.S. citizens. Visitors and residents should respect police roadblocks and be aware that some municipal services may be disrupted.

RECIFE: Deceptively tranquil, Recife now has one of the highest per capita murder rates in all of Brazil.  As in Rio de Janeiro, tourists in Recife should take special care while on the beaches, as robberies may occur in broad daylight.  In the upscale Boa Viagem neighborhood, carjackings can occur at any time of the day or night.   


HIV: Brazil

Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >=15 years0.454%


Telephone Numbers

Police Fire Brigade Ambulance Mobile Phone (GSM)
192 193 190 112 / 911

Embassies and Consulates

Attention: As a citizen of the European Union, you can use the embassies and consulates of the other member states as well. You will find the list of represented EU states on our webpage Embassies and Consulates.

Foreign CountriesSetup Travel112 => Rio de Janeiro
Entries: 2

Card Service

American Express Diners Club MasterCard Visa Discover EC/Maestro JCB

Money Transfer

We do not have entries of this location for money transfer. If you need more information on money transfer points go to the website of Western Union[2] .
Alternatively you can send money online also, but this service is only from some countries[3]  available.

WeatherSetup Travel112

UV Index

Today's maximum values:


Average Values



Airport IATA ICAO Distance
Rio De Janeiro Aeroporto SDU SBRJ 4.6 km
Galeao GIG SBGL 11 km
Rio / Jacarepagua RIO SBJR 19 km
Rio De Janeiro-Santa Cruz Ab STU SBSC 53 km

Railway Stations

Railway Stations Distance
São Cristóvão 1 km
Estação Barão de Mauá 1.7 km
Lauro Müller 1.8 km
Estação Alfredo Maia 1.8 km
Mangueira 2.5 km
Estação Triagem 2.7 km
Estação Dom Pedro II 2.9 km
Estação Riachuelo 4.4 km
Estação Rocha 4.4 km
Estação São Francisco Xavier 4.4 km


Health Information: Brazil

Publisher: U.S.A., Centers for Disease Control and PreventionSetup Travel112Helptext
Last Update: 2010-01-12

    Before visiting Brazil, you may need to get the following vaccinations and medications for vaccine-preventable diseases and other diseases you might be at risk for at your destination: (Note: Your doctor or health-care provider will determine what you will need, depending on factors such as your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, and planned activities.)

    To have the most benefit, see a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria, if you need it.

    Even if you have less than 4 weeks before you leave, you should still see a health-care provider for needed vaccines, anti-malaria drugs and other medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.

    CDC recommends that you see a health-care provider who specializes in Travel Medicine.  Find a travel medicine clinic near you. If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.

    If your travel plans will take you to more than one country during a single trip, be sure to let your health-care provider know so that you can receive the appropriate vaccinations and information for all of your destinations. Long-term travelers, such as those who plan to work or study abroad, may also need additional vaccinations as required by their employer or school.

    Be sure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date. Check the links below to see which vaccinations adults and children should get.

    Routine vaccines, as they are often called, such as for influenza, chickenpox (or varicella), polio, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), and diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) are given at all stages of life; see the childhood and adolescent immunization schedule and routine adult immunization schedule.

    Routine vaccines are recommended even if you do not travel. Although childhood diseases, such as measles, rarely occur in the United States, they are still common in many parts of the world. A traveler who is not vaccinated would be at risk for infection.


    Health Factors: Brazil[5] 

    Water Access to improved drinking water sources: rural 58%
    Access to improved drinking water sources: urban 97%
    Sanitation Access to improved sanitation: rural 37%
    Access to improved sanitation: urban 84%
    Health Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >=15 years 0.454%
    Physicians density (per 10 000 population) 12.0
    Hospital beds (per 10 000 population) 26
    Life expectancy at birth (years) female 75
    Life expectancy at birth (years) male 68

    Natural Disaster


    The GSHAP Global Seismic Hazard Map
    This GSHAP map depicts the likely level of short-period ground motion from earthquakes in a fifty-year window. The map colors chosen to delineate the hazard roughly correspond to the actual level of the hazard. The cooler colors represent lower hazard while the warmer colors represent higher hazard. Specifically, white and green correspond to low hazard (0 - 8% g, where g equals the acceleration of gravity); yellow and orange correspond to moderate hazard (8 - 24% g); pink and red correspond to high hazard (24 - 40% g); and dark red and brown correspond to very high hazard ( ? 40% g).[6] 

    Earthquake: Rio de Janeiro


    Travel Preparation


    Voltage Frequency Power Plug
    110 V
    220 V
    60 Hz
    Type A:
    Type B:
    Type C:
    Type I:


    Last Update: 2009-12-03 00:48+01:00

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