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Capital Antananarivo
Political Structure 6 Entities
Population 20042000
Urban Population 27%
Population Growth 2.7%
Income per Capita 870$ / Year
Below Poverty Line 61.0% (< US$1 / Day)
Literacy Rate 70.7%
Languages French, Malagasy
AreaSetup Travel112 587040 km²
Time Zone UTC/GMT +3.00
AltitudeSetup Travel112 ~ 1660 m
Currency MGA (Ariary)
Country Code MG
Vehicle Registration Code RM
Top-Level Domain .mg
External Links[Edit]
Government (fr)
www.madagascar.gov.mg
Ministry for Foreign Affairs (fr)
www.madagascar-diplomatie.net
Travel Guide
www.lonelyplanet.com
Encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org
independent political entity

Madagascar

Local Time: Setup Travel112Helptext

News and Warnings

Safety

Publisher: U.S. Department of StateSetup Travel112Helptext
Last Update: 2010-04-08
Safety and Security
In early 2009, Madagascar experienced political demonstrations that on occasion became violent.  There were clashes with security forces in Antananarivo and most provincial capitals and other population centers around the country in January and early February of 2009. On March 17, 2009 the democratically elected government resigned in course of events that the U.S. Government has termed a coup d’état and a tense security situation prevailed in the following weeks.   As of early 2010, the political situation had not been resolved.   Further clashes between protesters and security forces remain possible though they have been rare since late 2009, and almost entirely restricted to Antananarivo.  

Travelers should maintain security awareness at all times and should avoid political gatherings and street demonstrations.  Certain large gatherings such as concerts or scenes of accidents also may pose a threat to foreigners. 

Travel in the provincial areas is generally safe but caution should be exercised at all times.  At the start of the political crisis in January 2009, a number of provincial capitals experienced political demonstrations that had, on occasion, become violent and resulted in clashes with security forces and looting.  A number of national highways connecting provincial cities and the capital experienced temporary road blocks by political demonstrators resulting in travel delays. 

There are random police vehicle checkpoints throughout Madagascar, so all visitors should carry photo identification (residency card, U.S. passport) in the event of police questioning.  These check points are routine in nature, and should not result in vehicle and/or person searches as long as valid identification is shown.

For the latest security information, U.S. citizens traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs’ web site, where the current Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts, as well as the Worldwide Caution, can be found.

Up-to-date information on safety and security can also be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the U.S. and Canada or, for callers outside the U.S. and Canada, a regular toll line at 1-202-501-4444.  These numbers are available from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).

The Department of State urges U.S. citizens to take responsibility for their own personal security while traveling overseas.  For general information about appropriate measures travelers can take to protect themselves in an overseas environment, see the Department of State’s information on A Safe Trip Abroad.

Crime
  Madagascar is currently experiencing a dramatic spike in not only the number of crimes, but also in their severity and type. To put this into perspective, Madagascar remains, by and large, safer than many other African countries and even certain U.S. cities.

Over the last two years, there was a surge in armed attacks. In 2007, local the newspapers reported 110 armed attacks while in 2009, there were 477 reported (more than a 300% increase). For other serious crimes, in 2007, there were 54 noted, while 2009 stats indicate an increase to 269 (more than a 400% increase).

Other notable trends include an increase in carjackings, which were almost unheard of in 2009, night time taxi brousse (rural shared van) attacks, which used to be an occasional occurrence and are now reported weekly/monthly, and attacks against cars stuck in traffic. In these cases, thieves reach into the vehicle, open unlocked doors or sometimes break the windows to steal cell phones, purses, and even jewelry from their victims.

Most recently, there has been a swell of attacks against taxis and public transportation in Antananarivo and its’ environs.  All U.S. citizens are advised to avoid unknown taxis, especially if alone or at night.

In addition, armed banditry attacks on vehicles carrying goods and people, specifically taxi be (urban shared van) and taxi brousse, have increased drastically over the last two years and are now a regular occurrence. Groups of armed bandits often position themselves on the national routes after dark to ambush vehicles. Others have involved armed criminals who stage a “breakdown” that blocks the roadway, forcing the victimized driver to slow down, and hence become more vulnerable. Additionally, sometimes local villagers design a “trap” of sand, a tree log or some other substance or condition that makes the only viable road impassible.  Local villagers then “assist” the stranded vehicle and expect monetary compensation. The U.S. Embassy does not recommend night time travel outside of Antananarivo or any other city due to these attacks and the lack of security force coverage outside of city limits.

Another major concerns for visitors, especially those in Antananarivo, are crimes of opportunity such as pick pocketing, purse snatching and residential and vehicular theft.  Although some of these crimes are non-confrontational, incidents involving violence by assailants do occur and are on the rise, particularly when the victim resists, and especially when multiple persons confront the victim.  The Embassy has received reports of physical attacks against foreigners, including U.S. citizens, particularly in coastal tourist areas.  A number of these attacks resulted in serious injuries and in some cases, fatalities.  Criminal elements in Antananarivo and throughout Madagascar are becoming bolder when selecting their victims, and are also committing more crimes in areas that are considered to be “safe” – those that are generally well lit and well traveled by pedestrians and vehicles.

Criminal gangs comprised of felons, ex-military and police from the former regime are known to commit home invasions and kidnappings, sometimes targeting foreigners.  Organized gangs of bandits are known to patrol areas where foreigners, who are perceived to be wealthy, tend to congregate.  Crimes such as burglary and robbery do occur in areas outside the capital and the threat of confrontational and violent crime has increased in rural and isolated areas throughout the last year.  Specifically, Amboasary, a town in the southeast, has experienced a surge in armed robberies targeting not-governmental organizations (NGOs). 

To reduce the risk of being victimized, travel in groups and avoid wearing expensive jewelry or carrying high cost electronic items (iPods, digital cameras, or high end cell phones) with you in public. Valuable items should never be left in an unattended vehicle or at a hotel (unless locked in the hotel safe). Walking at night, whether alone or in a group is not considered safe in urban areas, including in the vicinity of Western-standard hotels, restaurants and night clubs in Antananarivo. Visitors are strongly discouraged from traveling outside of cities after dark due to banditry, lack of lighting, poor road condition and lack of security assets. Additionally, please remember to lock your doors and keep your windows rolled up at all times. 

In major cities, the National Police is charged with maintaining peace and security. Outside of major cities, the Gendarmerie is primarily responsible for these duties. Due to lack of resources available to both law enforcement agencies, police response to victims of a crime is often limited, slow and ineffective.

In many countries around the world, counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available.  Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law.  In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines.

U.S. citizens visiting Madagascar should not expect to experience any hostility or aggression solely because of their citizenship.

[1] 

HIV

Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >=15 years0.451%

Emergency

Telephone Numbers

Police Fire Brigade Ambulance Mobile Phone (GSM)
none none none 112

Embassies and Consulates

Attention: As a citizen of the European Union, you can use the embassies and consulates of the other member states as well. You will find the list of represented EU states on our webpage Embassies and Consulates.


Madagascar => Foreign CountriesSetup Travel112
Entries: 0
Foreign CountriesSetup Travel112 => Madagascar
Entries: 4

Card Service

Company
American Express Diners Club Discover EC/Maestro JCB MasterCard Visa

Money Transfer

Western Union[2]  and other companies are offering a worldwide service, to send money to friends or relatives within minutes to nearly every location in the world. Per location the stored agents will be shown. You can find the agents on the map also, as long a road map is available.
Alternatively you can send money online also, but this service is only from some countries[3]  available.


WeatherSetup Travel112


Average Values



Transport

Traffic Rules

Right-Hand Traffic
If right-hand-traffic is unusal for you, take time and make breaks to become used to. Always bear in mind that you have to drive on the right side!
 
Right-Hand Traffic
Right-Hand Traffic

Railway Companies

Railway Companies Website
Madagascar Railways  

Health

Health Information

Publisher: U.S.A., Centers for Disease Control and PreventionSetup Travel112Helptext
Last Update: 2010-04-08

    Before visiting Madagascar, you may need to get the following vaccinations and medications for vaccine-preventable diseases and other diseases you might be at risk for at your destination: (Note: Your doctor or health-care provider will determine what you will need, depending on factors such as your health and immunization history, areas of the country you will be visiting, and planned activities.)

    To have the most benefit, see a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria, if you need it.

    Even if you have less than 4 weeks before you leave, you should still see a health-care provider for needed vaccines, anti-malaria drugs and other medications and information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while traveling.

    CDC recommends that you see a health-care provider who specializes in Travel Medicine.  Find a travel medicine clinic near you. If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.

    If your travel plans will take you to more than one country during a single trip, be sure to let your health-care provider know so that you can receive the appropriate vaccinations and information for all of your destinations. Long-term travelers, such as those who plan to work or study abroad, may also need additional vaccinations as required by their employer or school.

    Although yellow fever is not a disease risk in Madagascar, the government requires travelers arriving from countries where yellow fever is present to present proof of yellow fever vaccination. If you will be traveling to one of these countries where yellow fever is present before arriving in Madagascar, this requirement must be taken into consideration.

    Be sure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date. Check the links below to see which vaccinations adults and children should get.

    Routine vaccines, as they are often called, such as for influenza, chickenpox (or varicella), polio, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), and diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) are given at all stages of life; see the childhood and adolescent immunization schedule and routine adult immunization schedule.

    Routine vaccines are recommended even if you do not travel. Although childhood diseases, such as measles, rarely occur in the United States, they are still common in many parts of the world. A traveler who is not vaccinated would be at risk for infection.

    [4] 

    Health Factors[5] 

    Description
    Water Access to improved drinking water sources: rural 36%
    Access to improved drinking water sources: urban 76%
    Sanitation Access to improved sanitation: rural 10%
    Access to improved sanitation: urban 18%
    Health Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >=15 years 0.451%
    Physicians density (per 10 000 population) 3.0
    Hospital beds (per 10 000 population) 3
    Life expectancy at birth (years) female 61
    Life expectancy at birth (years) male 57

    Natural Disaster

    Active Volcanoes

    Even if some volcanoes are not active today, we have to aware that given to their long livespan - most of them are only dormant. Nevertheless scientists are defining a volcano as extinct if it is not considered likely that he will erupt in the future.

    Madagascar shows volcanic activity in some areas and their are written records (Quantity: 1) of volcanic eruptions.
    more...

     
    Active Volcanoes: Mount Rinjani
    Volcano[6]

    Earthquake

    The GSHAP Global Seismic Hazard Map
    This GSHAP map depicts the likely level of short-period ground motion from earthquakes in a fifty-year window. The map colors chosen to delineate the hazard roughly correspond to the actual level of the hazard. The cooler colors represent lower hazard while the warmer colors represent higher hazard. Specifically, white and green correspond to low hazard (0 - 8% g, where g equals the acceleration of gravity); yellow and orange correspond to moderate hazard (8 - 24% g); pink and red correspond to high hazard (24 - 40% g); and dark red and brown correspond to very high hazard ( ? 40% g).[7] 


    Earthquake: Madagascar

    GSHAP[8]

    Travel Preparation

    Entry and Exit Requirements

    Publisher: U.S. Department of StateSetup Travel112Helptext
    Last Update: 2010-04-08
      A passport and visa are required.  Visas are available at all airports servicing international flights, but travelers who opt to obtain a visa at an airport should expect delays upon arrival.  Visas obtained at the airport cannot be extended.  All Americans must have at least one blank page and 6 months validity in their passport to gain admittance to Madagascar.  Visa fees can be paid in US dollars, Euros or Madagascar Ariary.  Credit cards are not accepted.  Most international flights arrive in Antananarivo, but there are some limited international flights to/from the nearby islands of Comoros, Mayotte and Reunion from airports in Mahajanga, Toamasina (Tamatave), Nosy Be, Tolagnaro (Ft. Dauphin) and Antsiranana (Diego Suarez).  There are also direct flights between Italy and Nosy Be.  Evidence of yellow fever immunization is required for all travelers who have been in an infected zone within 6 months of their arrival in Madagascar.

    Travelers may obtain the latest information and details on entry requirements from the Embassy of the Republic of Madagascar, 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC  20008; telephone (202) 265-5525/6; or the Malagasy Consulate in New York City, (212) 986-9491.  Honorary consuls of Madagascar are located in Philadelphia, and San Diego.  Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Malagasy embassy or consulate.  Visit the Embassy of Madagascar’s web site at http://www.embassy.org/madagascar for the most current visa information.
    Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

      A passport and visa are required.  Visas are available at all airports servicing international flights, but travelers who opt to obtain a visa at an airport should expect delays upon arrival.  Visas obtained at the airport cannot be extended.  All Americans must have at least one blank page and 6 months validity in their passport to gain admittance to Madagascar.  Visa fees can be paid in US dollars, Euros or Madagascar Ariary.  Credit cards are not accepted.  Most international flights arrive in Antananarivo, but there are some limited international flights to/from the nearby islands of Comoros, Mayotte and Reunion from airports in Mahajanga, Toamasina (Tamatave), Nosy Be, Tolagnaro (Ft. Dauphin) and Antsiranana (Diego Suarez).  There are also direct flights between Italy and Nosy Be.  Evidence of yellow fever immunization is required for all travelers who have been in an infected zone within 6 months of their arrival in Madagascar.

    Travelers may obtain the latest information and details on entry requirements from the Embassy of the Republic of Madagascar, 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC  20008; telephone (202) 265-5525/6; or the Malagasy Consulate in New York City, (212) 986-9491.  Honorary consuls of Madagascar are located in Philadelphia, and San Diego.  Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Malagasy embassy or consulate.  Visit the Embassy of Madagascar’s web site at http://www.embassy.org/madagascar for the most current visa information.
    Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

    [9] 

    Power

    Voltage Frequency Power Plug
    220 V
    50 Hz
    Type C:
    Type F:

    References


    Last Update: 2009-12-03 00:48+01:00
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